Linking experiencer-subject psych verb constructions in Modern Greek

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21248/hpsg.2000.12

Abstract

This paper focuses on the semantic properties and the syntactic behaviour of Modern Greek (hence MG) Experiencer-Subject Psych Verb Constructions (hence ESPVCs).

MG ESPVCs include verbs like miso (hate), agapo (love), or latrevo (adore), which feature a nominative experiencer in agreement with the verb and an accusative theme (see examples (1)-(3)). MG ESPVCs include also predicates like fovame (fear), which feature an experiencer-subject in agreement with the verb and either an accusative theme (example (4)), or a theme as the object of a prepositional phrase (example (5)). We should underline here that examples (4) and (5) below convey the same meaning. That is, they do NOT differ semantically.

  1. O    Gianis     misi       to   sholio.
    the Gianis.N hate.3S the school.A
    "John hates school."
  2. O    Gianis     agapa    tin  Maria.
    the Gianis.N loves.3S the Maria.A
    "John loves Mary."
  3. O    Gianis     latrevi      tin  musiki.
    the Gianis.N adore.3S the music.A
    "John adores music."
  4. I      Maria     fovate  tis  kategides.
    the Maria.N fear.3S the storms.A
    "Maria is afraid of the storms."
  5. I      Maria     fovate  me   tis   kategides.
    the Maria.N fear.3S with the storms.A
    "Maria is afraid of the storms."

The challenge that constructions like the ones in (4) and (5) pose lies on the split syntactic realization of the "experienced" (hence EXPD) semantic role (i.e., the theme), which in constructions like (4) is syntactically realized as the object of the sentence, while in constructions like (5) it is syntactically realized as the object of a prepositional phrase.

Our aim is to propose a unified linking account of the MG ESPVCs. This unified account

  1. is based on the assumption that the individual denoted by the object NP (or PP) of the MG ESPVCs is entailed to be semantically underspecified, and
  2. makes use of Wechsler's (1995) Notion Rule, Davis and Koenig's (2000) linking theory, as well as Markantonatou and Sadler's (1996) proposal for the linking of indirect arguments.

 

References

Davis, A.R. and J.-P. Koenig (2000). Linking as constraints on word classes in a hierarchical lexicon. Language 76, 56-91.

Markantonatou, S. and L. Sadler (1996). Linking Indirect Arguments. Essex Research Reports in Linguistics 9, 24-63.

Wechsler, S. (1995). The Semantic Basis of Argument Structure. Stanford: CSLI Publications. Series: Dissertations in Linguistics, Joan Bresnan, Sharon Inkelas, William J. Poser, and Peter Sells (eds.).

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Published

2001-03-12

How to Cite

Kordoni, Valia. 2001. Linking experiencer-subject psych verb constructions in Modern Greek. The Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar 198–213. (doi:10.21248/hpsg.2000.12) (https://proceedings.hpsg.xyz/article/view/508) (Accessed June 19, 2024.)