Focus particles, secondary meanings, and Lexical Resource Semantics: The case of Japanese shika

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21248/hpsg.2011.5

Abstract

Japanese has two exclusive particles ˋshika' and ˋdake'. Although traditionally, both particles were considered to be exclusive particles like ˋonly', a recent proposal claims that ˋshika' is an exceptive particle like ˋeveryone except' to account for the necessary co-occurrence of the negative suffix ˋna' and ˋshika'. We show that this negative suffix lacks two critical semantic properties of ordinary logical negation: It is not downward entailing, nor does it license negative polarity items. We show that both ˋshika' and ˋdake' are exclusive particles, but that ˋshika' encodes an additional secondary meaning. The negative suffix only contributes to the sentence's secondary meaning when it co-occurs with ˋshika'. We present an HPSG and LRS analysis that models the co-occurrence of ˋshika' and the negative suffix ˋna', and their contribution to the sentence's secondary meaning.

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Published

2011-11-16

How to Cite

Hasegawa, Akio & Koenig, Jean-Pierre. 2011. Focus particles, secondary meanings, and Lexical Resource Semantics: The case of Japanese shika. Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar 81–101. (doi:10.21248/hpsg.2011.5) (https://proceedings.hpsg.xyz/article/view/752) (Accessed June 19, 2024.)